The Clavicle

The Normal Clavicle

Normal Clavicle

The clavicle or collarbone is a bone in the shoulder. It acts as a strut connecting the spine to the arm. It is the attachment point for many muscles includingthe pectoralis major, deltoid and trapezious muscles.

Normal Clavicle

The clavicle is an s-shaped bone with joints at both ends. The medial end forms the sternoclavicular (SC)joint while the lateral end forms the acromioclavicular (AC) joint. The clavicle rotates approximately 30 degrees when the arm is raised over the head.

Some individuals have a prominent clavicle, especially those that are slender.

Clavicle Fractures

What is it?

Clavicle Fractures

Clavicle fractures occur when people fall directly onto their shoulder. Increasing amounts of force result in more severe injuries. Car accidents, falls off ladders, sporting accidents all can create clavicle fractures. Bicycles and motorcycles are highly correlated with this injury.

Typical symptoms of clavicle fractures are initial intense pain with drooping of the shoulder, inability to raise the arm. Swelling, tenderness and a deformity over the clavicle are also typical.

Treatments

Non-operative

Clavicle Treatments

Many clavicle fractures heal readily without the need for anything other than a sling for comfort. Minimally displaced clavicle fractures heal in 6-8 weeks and generally do not require surgery.

Operative

Some clavicle fracturesdo not heal orare significantly displaced and would heal in a deformed position, creating pain and weakness.

Plate Fixation

Plate Fixation

Traditional repair is performed with a plateand screws.

Intramedullary Fixation

When possible, intramedullary fixation is a better option for repair because of smaller incisions, fewer potential complications, improved healing rates, and no need for routineremoval of screws.

Intramedullary Fixation Intramedullary Fixation

Patients remain in a sling for 4-6 weeks, and PT is not typically needed.

Results of Analysis of Outcomes in 22 Active Duty Military with High Energy & Significantly Displaced Clavicle Fractures

Displaced Clavicle Fractures
Displaced Clavicle Fractures
  • 100% healed fractures in 12 weeks
  • All returned to previous activities without limitation
  • Average rated pain of 0.3 on scale of 0-10
  • Average rated shoulder function of 93.6% on a scale of 0-100%
  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Website
  • Arthroscopy Association of North America Website
  • muschealth Website
  • American Shoulder & Elbow Surgeons Website
  • Charleston RiverDogs Website